Nash Baldwin was one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
in 1917, and served as its executive director until 1950. The ACLU continues today
to work "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed
to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States."
Baldwin was a devout pacifist (he spent a year in prison as a conscientious objector
during World War I) and dedicated his life to protecting the rights of others
both in the United States and around the world. In 1981, President Jimmy Carter
awarded Roger Nash Baldwin the Medal of Freedom.